Chai Nat was first established during the Ayutthaya period and was used as a successful base of operations for confronting the Burmese army. As the Burmese were defeated every time, the area earned the name Chai Nat, “place of victory”. An area of great beauty, Chai Nat features a diversity of natural, historical, and cultural attractions, including the Chao Phraya Dam; the Chai Nat Bird Sanctuary, which protects over 100 species of bird and is the setting for the Straw Bird Fair; and the Chai Nat Muni National Museum, which displays ancient artifacts discovered in the town, including Thai and Chinese ceramics, several Buddha images, and votive tablets. Wat Phra Borommathat, the largest Buddhist temple in Chai Nat, features a pagoda that houses Buddha relics, and Wat Mahathat is an ancient temple dating back to the Dvaravati period.
Chai Nat is located on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River. The community was moved from the old site at Sankhaburi during the reign of King Rama IV. Chai Nat was an important town used several times as a base to confront the Burmese army. Every time, the Burmese were defeated, earning Chai Nat its name, which mean “place of victory”. Chai Nat features a diversity of natural, historical, and cultural attractions, including the Chao Phraya Dam, the Chai Nat Bird Sanctuary, and the Chai Nat Muni National Museum.